Robotic Cardiac Surgery

Robotic cardiac surgery, often referred to as robot-assisted cardiac surgery or robotically-assisted cardiac surgery, is a minimally invasive surgical technique used to carry out heart operations with the aid of robotic systems. In comparison to conventional open-heart surgery, this cutting-edge technology enables cardiac surgeons to operate with more control and precision, potentially improving patient outcomes.

The following are some essential elements of robotic cardiac surgery:

  • Robotic Systems: Although other systems have been developed, the da Vinci Surgical System is the primary robotic system utilized in cardiac surgery. These systems are made up of robotic arms with high-definition cameras and specialized surgical equipment. 
  • Minimally Invasive Approach: Robotic cardiac surgery is minimally invasive, which means that small incisions are made between the ribs rather than a huge incision in the chest as in conventional open-heart surgery. Through these incisions, the robotic instruments are implanted, and the surgeon operates them from a console in the operating room.
  • Surgeon Control: The surgeon operates the robotic arms and equipment while seated at the console using hand and foot controls. The device converts the movements of the surgeon into exact, scaled-down actions inside the patient's chest.
  • 3D Visualization: The robotic system gives the surgeon a three-dimensional, high-definition visualization of the surgical site, enabling them to examine minute details with amazing clarity.
  • Enhanced Precision: The advanced technology of the robotic system provides better dexterity and precision while carrying out delicate cardiac surgeries like coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), mitral valve repair or replacement, atrial septal defect (ASD) closure, and more.
  • Benefits: In comparison to open heart surgery, robotic cardiac surgery may provide a number of benefits, including quicker recovery times, smaller scars, decreased postoperative pain, and maybe fewer risks of problems like infection and bleeding.
  • Limitations: It's possible that not all patients or cardiac treatments can benefit from robotic surgery. The choice to use this method is determined by the patient's unique condition, the surgeon's level of training, and the accessibility of the required robotic equipment.


Anesthesia for Robotic Cardiac Surgery | Robotic Mitral Valve Surgery | Robotic Coronary Bypass Graft on Beating Heart | Robotic Surgery in Congenital Heart Disease | Intraoperative Transesophageal Echocardiography | Hybrid coronary revascularization | Robotic Left Ventricular Epicardial Lead Implantation

Market Statistics:

The need for heart surgery is increasing over the world. During the period 2017-2025, robots will have a cumulative market value of $7.50 billion, owing to the large increase in the number of robot-based and computer-assisted cardiological surgery procedures for the treatment of heart problems.

According to industry estimates, the global surgical robots market is estimated to reach USD 6.4 billion in 2021 and to increase at a compound annual growth rate (CAGR) of 17.6 percent from 2021 to 2026. Surgical robots allow surgeons to perform complex surgical procedures with greater precision.

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