Geriatric Cardiology

Geriatric cardiology is a subspecialty of cardiology that focuses on the diagnosis, treatment, and prevention of cardiovascular disorders in older people, typically those who are 65 years of age and older. Geriatric cardiology covers these particular issues and challenges since older persons are more vulnerable to various cardiovascular problems. 

Geriatric cardiology's salient features include the following:

  • Age-Related Changes: The cardiovascular system may be impacted by a number of physiological changes that are linked to aging. This includes variations to the electrical conduction system of the heart as well as a decline in cardiac output and blood vessel flexibility. Geriatric cardiologists have received special training to understand these changes that come with age and how they affect heart health.
  • Multimorbidity: In addition to heart disease, older persons frequently have several chronic medical diseases, including hypertension, diabetes, and kidney disease. Geriatric cardiologists are skilled at handling these complicated, overlapping medical conditions and creating personalized treatment programs for each patient.
  • Medication Management: For a variety of medical issues, older persons may take many drugs. To make sure that the medications administered for heart diseases are both safe and effective in the context of the patient's general health, geriatric cardiologists must be educated about potential drug interactions and adverse effects.
  • Preventive Care: Geriatric cardiologists concentrate on preventive methods to lower the risk of heart disease in older persons. To support leading a heart-healthy lifestyle, this includes dietary and exercise guidelines, quitting smoking, and blood pressure management.
  • Frailty Assessment: Reduced strength and resilience are two characteristics of the prevalent condition of frailty in elderly persons. Frailty in patients is assessed by geriatric cardiologists since it may have an effect on treatment decisions and outcomes.
  • End-of-Life Care: Elderly people with advanced cardiac disease may occasionally need palliative or hospice care. To guarantee that patients and their families receive the right end-of-life care and support, geriatric cardiologists collaborate closely with other medical specialists.
  • Shared Decision-Making: Geriatric cardiologists frequently collaborate with their elderly patients to design treatment programs, taking into account each person's preferences, values, and goals. With this strategy, it is acknowledged that the treatment options for older persons may vary depending on their particular circumstances.
  • Research and Education: The creation of better treatment plans is aided by ongoing geriatric cardiology research, which also advances our knowledge of cardiovascular disorders in older persons. To stay up to date with the most recent developments in the area, geriatric cardiologists frequently participate in research and education.
     

Subtopics

Cardiology | Geriatrics | Elderly care | Heart diseases | Atherosclerosis | Peripheral arterial disease

Market Statistics:

In 2015, the global geriatric medication market was worth roughly USD 540 billion. The fast growing geriatric population base is one of the primary elements contributing to its rapid expansion. The worldwide geriatric population was estimated to be approximately 809.4 million in 2012, according to UN estimations, and is expected to reach almost 1.13 billion by 2022, and exceed a value of over 2 billion by 2050.

The growing elderly population in the world, as well as the increasing incidence of cardiovascular illnesses, are two of the most important aspects driving market revenue growth.

A new report from Emergen Research estimates that the global interventional cardiology devices market had a value of USD 13.72 billion in 2020 and is predicted to grow to USD 26.84 billion in 2028, with a revenue compound annual growth rate of 8.7 percent over the forecast period of 2021-2028.

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