Congestive Heart Failure

Congestive heart failure (CHF), commonly referred to as heart failure, is a medical disorder when the heart is unable to effectively pump blood to satisfy the needs of the body. It happens when the heart's pumping power becomes weakened, causing an accumulation of fluid in the lungs and other body regions. Congestion and other symptoms may result from this fluid buildup.

The two primary varieties of congestive heart failure are as follows:

  1. Systolic Heart Failure: In this kind, the heart muscle weakens and loses its ability to contract enough to contract effectively to efficiently pump blood from the heart and into the circulation with each heartbeat. The amount of blood pumped out with each contraction is decreased as a result, which also affects the ejection fraction.
  2. Diastolic Heart Failure: In this kind, the heart's muscle stiffens and loses some of its flexibility, making it challenging for the heart to relax and fill with blood in between beats. Although the ejection fraction may be maintained, this decreases the heart's capacity to pump blood effectively.

Congestive heart failure has a number of common causes and risk factors, including:

  • Coronary artery disease (obstruction of the blood vessels that supply oxygen and nutrients to the heart muscle).
  • High blood pressure (hypertension).
  • Heart valve disorders.
  • Cardiomyopathy (disease of the heart muscle).
  • Chronic lung diseases.
  • Diabetes.
  • Obesity.
  • Excessive alcohol consumption.
  • Smoking.
  • Certain medications and substances (e.g., chemotherapy drugs, cocaine).
  • Family history of heart disease.

Congestive heart failure symptoms might differ, but frequently include:

  • Shortness of breath, especially during physical activity or when lying flat.
  • Fatigue and weakness.
  • Swelling in the legs, ankles, feet, or abdomen (edema).
  • Rapid or irregular heartbeat.
  • Persistent cough or wheezing, often with pink or white mucus.
  • Sudden weight gain due to fluid retention.

Subtopics

Epidemiology & pathophysiology of heart failure | Differential Diagnosis of Congestive heart failure | Pharmacologic theraphy of Heart Failure | Clinical approach to acute heart failure | Clinical approach to chronic heart failure | The diagnosis and management of Congestive heart failure

ALSO READ Cardiologist Clinical Cardiology Heart Diseases Hypertension Electrocardiography Cardio-Oncology Interventional Cardiology Nuclear Cardiology Cardiac Nursing Pediatric Cardiology Stroke Cardiac Surgery Thrombosis Heart Arrhythmia Valvular Heart Disease Pulmonology and Cardiology Atherosclerosis Sports Cardiology Cardiac Imaging Vascular Biology Cardiology Case Reports Geriatric Cardiology Cardiovascular Pharmacology Robotic Cardiac Surgery Cardiac Regeneration Dyslipidemia Cardiovascular disease Congestive Heart Failure Acute Coronary Syndrome Advances in Non-Invasive Cardiac Imaging Techniques Innovations in Cardiovascular Surgery Telemedicine and Remote Monitoring in Cardiac Care Cardiac Biomarkers and Diagnostic Tools Cardiogenomics and Personalized Treatment Cardiovascular Epidemiology and Public Health Cardiac Imaging in the Era of 3D and 4D Stem Cell Therapy for Cardiac Regeneration Cardiac Devices and Implantable Technologies Cardiovascular Risk Assessment and Prevention Big Data and Analytics in Cardiology Genetics of Cardiac Arrhythmias Cardiovascular Disease in Women Artificial Heart Devices and Transplants Cardiac Biomaterials and Tissue Engineering Cardiac Imaging for Risk Prediction Integrative Medicine in Cardiology Cardiology Education and Training Innovations Precision Medicine in Cardiology Artificial Intelligence in Cardiovascular Medicine

Tags
Pediatric Cardiology Conferences Cardiac Nursing Conferences Cardiac Imaging Conferences Hypertension Conferences Stroke Conferences Cardiology Conferences USA Cardiology Conferences 2024 Cardiology Conferences 2024 Asia Heart Diseases Conferences Cardiac Surgery Conferences Heart Conferences Cardiology Conferences 2024 Canada Cardiology Conferences 2024 Cardiology Conferences 2024

+1-778-244-7702