Cardiovascular disease

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) refers to a class of diseases affect the heart or blood vessels, including the arteries and veins. Heart disease is another popular name for it. Among the biggest causes of death and disability in the globe are cardiovascular diseases.

The following are a few of the most prevalent heart conditions:

  • Coronary Artery Disease (CAD): This is the most prevalent kind of cardiovascular disease and happens when the coronary arteries, which carry blood to the heart, narrow or become blocked as a result of the accumulation of plaque, which is made up of fatty deposits. Angina or a heart attack may result from this.
  • Heart Attack: A coronary artery that supplies blood to a portion of the heart muscle becomes fully blocked, resulting in a heart attack. Chest pain, shortness of breath, and heart muscle damage may arise from this.
  • Stroke: A stroke occurs when there is an interruption or reduction in the blood flow to a specific area of the brain, frequently as a result of a blood clot or blood vessel rupture. This may result in brain damage and a variety of neurological symptoms, including paralysis, trouble speaking, and cognitive impairments.
  • Heart Failure: When the heart is unable to pump blood efficiently, it causes heart failure, which causes fluid to accumulate in the body, especially the lungs and other organs. Various underlying diseases, such as CAD and high blood pressure, might cause it.
  • Hypertension (High Blood Pressure): Blood pushing against the walls of the arteries with an excessive amount of force is known as high blood pressure. This over time raises the risk of heart disease and stroke and damages the arteries.
  • Arrhythmias: Arrhythmias are abnormal heartbeats that might appear as a fast, slow, or irregular heartbeat. Depending on the kind and intensity, they may not cause any harm or cause a serious risk to life.
  • Peripheral Artery Disease (PAD): A narrowing of the blood vessels outside of the heart, usually in the legs, causes PAD. Reduced blood supply to the limbs as a result of this can result in pain, numbness, and, in extreme cases, tissue damage or gangrene.

Subtopics:

Endocrine Functions and Metabolic Interactions | Endothelial dysfunction and clinical syndromes | Aging and Cognitive Function | Lipoproteins | Kidney and Hypertension | Atherosclerosis and colonary artery disease | Life style choices, Risk Factors | Diet and Homocysteinemia | Contribution of pollutants and Environmental Chemicals | Genetic Susceptibility | Precautions coronary interventions and Cardiac Surgery | Omega 3 fatty acid in prevention

Market Statistics:

The cardiovascular disease market, which includes hypertension, dyslipidemia, and thrombotic events, is expected to expand from $129.2 billion in 2015 to $146.4 billion by 2022.

The global cardiovascular devices market is expected to grow at a 6.9% CAGR from USD 54.08 billion in 2021 to USD 86.27 billion in 2028.

The global cardiovascular medicines market is predicted to increase at a CAGR of 5.3% from $87.79 billion in 2020 to $92.41 billion in 2021. The increase is primarily due to companies reorganising their operations and recovering from the impact of COVID-19. At a CAGR of 4%, the market is estimated to reach $107.77 billion in 2025.

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